Crystallux 4000M Gaz Kromotografi Sistemi

Otomatik modüler gaz kromotografi sistemi

  1. Genel Özellikler

    Crystalluk-4000M numunenin örneklenmesinden analiz sonuna kadar herhangi bir kullanıcı müdahalesi gerektirmeyen tam otomatik kromotografi sistemidir.  Termostat sıcaklığı, taşıyıcı gaz kullanımı, gaz basınç değeri, detektör ateşlemesi, alev kontrolü ve detektör kontrolü sistem tarafından tam otomatik olarak gerçekleştirilir. Bir bilgisayar 8’e kadar çeşitli analitik modüllerle gerçek zamanlı olarak çalışabilmektedir. Bilgisayar, analitik istasyon ve kromatograflar arasında bilgi transferini standart RS-232 ve USB arabirimleri ile gerçekleştirilir.  Kromatograf, kablo ile 3000 metreye kadar kontrol imkanı sunmaktadır. Ayrıca internet bağlantısı ile uzaktanda kontrol edilebilmektedir. Dedektörleri (çoklu dedektör), enjektörleri ve ek cihazları içeren analitik modül cihaz modelini belirlemektedir. Modül konfigürasyonu, belirli analiz koşulları için kullanıcı isteklerine göre belirlenmektedir. Adaptör yardımı ile kapiler kolonlar packed type tipine kullanıcı tarafından da kolaylıkla dönüştürülebilmektedir. Bu sistem farklı araştırma, geliştirme ve rutin analiz faaliyetleri için kullanılmaktadır.


    Başlıca Uygulama Alanları:

    • Doğalgaz, çözünmüş gaz, kondenatlar, relatif ve toplam yoğunluk, basınç ve doymuş gazların içerik ve kalite testleri
    • Benzin numunelerinde oktan sayısı, yoğunluk, fraksiyonel içerik, doygun gazlar vb. parametrelerin belirlenmesi
    • Motor yakıtlarında aromatik ve oksijen içerikli bileşenlerin analizleri
    • Hidrojen sülfür, merkaptan sülfür (H2S), tiypfen ve diğer sülfatların tayini
    • Kimyevi ve petrokimyasal ürünlerin analizleri
    • Trafo yağlarında çözünmüş gazların içeriği, su içeriği, toplam gaz içeriği, antioksidan katkı maddeleri, furan türevleri, poliklorlu bifenil (PCB), yalıtım gazı analizleri
    • Alkol ürünlerinde ethanol, organik asid ve diğer bileşenlerin tayini
    • Aseton, metanol, doymuş hidrokarbonlar, mineral yağlar, vb. maddelerin içerdiği su miktarı analizleri
    • Su, toprak, bitkisel ürünler ve gıdalardaki pestisitlerin, herbisitlerin ve diğer toksik maddelerin içeriğinin analizi
    • Halojenli ve aromatik hidrokarbonlar, karbon oksitler, vb. ürünlerde atmosferik hava tayini
    • Doymuş, doymamış ve aroma hidrokarbonlar, karbon oksitler, vb. ürünlerde üretim çıkış ve alan havası analizleri
    • Gıda ürünleri ambalajları, yapı malzemeleri ve oyuncaklar dahil diğer ev ürünlerde toksisite analizleri
    • Sabit gazların, karbon oksitlerin ve hidrokarbonların içeriğindeki hava analizleri
    • Bitkisel yağlarda, hayvansal yağlarda, süt ürünlerinde kalites ve tahrifat tespiti
    • Biyolojik sıvılar ve doku numunelerinde alkol, uyuşturucu, ilaç ve zehirli madde içeriği analizleri
    • Nükleer ortamlarda gaz içeriği analizleri
    • Metalürji gazları kalite analizleri
    • Helyum, oksijen, azot, argondaki safsızlıkların kriyojenik konsantrasyon yöntemi ile analizi
    • Uçucu organoklorik bileşiklerin içeriğinde yağ ve kimyasal reaktiflerin analizleri
    • Renk analizleri
    • Tütün ürünleri kalite analizleri
    • İtici gazların, aerosollerin, soğutucu ürünlerin analizleri
    • Toprak numunelerinde doymuş gaz analizleri

    Dedektör Modülleri: 

    • FID/FID
    • TCD(TCD/TCD)
    • FID/TCD (FID/TCD/TCD)
    • ECD/TID (FID/ECD/TID)
    • PID (PID/ECD, PID/FID)
    • FID/ECD/NPD (FID/NPD)

    Farklı Uygulamar İçin Opsiyonel Ürünler:

    • HT-3000А, sıvı numuneler için otomatik örnekleyici
    • Kolon değiştirme valfi
    • HT2000H Headspace Örnekleme Üntiesi
    • HT2800T Tümleşik Otomatik Örnekleme Ünitesi (Sıvı, Headspace, SPME)
    • 180°C’ye kadar otomatik termostat üniteli 4 ila 12 kademeli gaz enjeksiyon valfleri
    • Otomatik deşarj vanası
    • 5°C’ye kadar soğutma kapasitesine sahip sıvılaştırılmış gaz örnekleyici
    • Dean elemanları ile otomatik kapiler kolon değiştirme sistemi
    • Pyrolyzer Ünitesi
    • СО, СО2 analizleri için Metanatör Ünitesi
    • Elektrikli kolon soğutulma ünitesi
    • Katı numune analizleri için Thermodesorber Ünitesi
    • Equilibrum Buhar Ünitesi
    • Katalitik saflaştırma filtresi
    • Transformatör yağları için Denge Ünitesi
    • Ctyoconcentration Ünitesi
    • Bilgisayar Sistemi
    • Azot, hidrojen ve hava jeneratörleri

     

  2. Teknik Özellikler
    Parameter
    Versiyon 1 Versiyon 2
    FID ölçüm limitleri 2×10-12 gC/sn n-hidrokarbonlar // 1,4×10-12 gC/sn propan 1,1×10-12 gC/sn n-hidrokarbonlar // 1,1×10-12 gC/sn propan
    TCD ölçüm limitleri 1×10-9 g/ml n-hydrocarbons 8×10-10 g/ml n-hydrocarbons
    4×10-10 g/ml propane (micro-TCD)
    ECD ölçüm limitleri 2×10-14 g/sn lindane 1×10-14 g/sn lindane
    4×10-15 г/с g/sn lindane (micro-ECD)
    FPD ölçüm limitleri 1×10-13 gP/sn (phenitrothion) 1×10-13 gP/sn (phenitrothion)
    1×10-12 gP/sn (phenitrothion) 1×10-12 gP/sn (phenitrothion)
    NPD ölçüm limitleri 2×10-14 gP/sn (phenitrothion) 2×10-14 gP/sn (phenitrothion)
    3×10-13 gN/sn (azobenzene) 3×10-13 gN/sn (azobenzene)
    CCD ölçüm limitleri 5×10-10 g/ml (hidrojen) 4×10-10 g/ml (hidrojen)
    PID ölçüm limitleri 5×10-13 g/sn (benzen) 5×10-13 g/sn (benzen)
    HID ölçüm limitleri 3×10-13 g/sn (metanda karbon) 2×10-13 g/sn (metanda karbon)
    MSD – sinyal/gürültü oranı 50:1 enjeksiyon 1×10-12 g/mcl (octaftornaftaline in isooctane) 500:1 (1500:1) enjeksiyon 1×10-12 g/mcl (octaftornaftaline in isooctane)
    Lineer dinamik aralık FID  1×107 1×107
    Lineer dinamik aralık TCD  1×106 1×106
    Kolon Termostat Hacmi 7 (10) l 14 (19) l
    Kolon Sıcaklığı Ortam sıcaklığı +4 – +400 °C Ortam sıcaklığı +3°C – +400 °C
    450 °C (opsiyonel) 450 °C (opsiyonel)
    Ortam sıcaklığı -15 °C (opsiyonel) Soğutma ünitesi ile Ortam sıcaklığı -15 °C (opsiyonel) Soğutma ünitesi ile
    Ortam sıcaklığı -100 °C (opsiyonel) Sıvı N2 ile Ortam sıcaklığı -100 °C (opsiyonel) Sıvı N2 ile
    Sıcaklık ayarlama skalası 0,1 °C 0,1 °C
    Sıcaklık stabilitesi 0,01 °C 0,01°C
    Sıcaklık programla hızı  0,1 – 120 °C/dk. 0,1 – 125°C/dk.
    150 °C/dk. (opsiyonel)
    Maksimum isotherm sayısı en az 30 en az 30
    Kolon soğutma hızı (from 400 till 50 °C) 8 dk. 3,2 dk.
    Dedektör ve enjektör maksimum sıcaklık 450 °С 450 °С
    Taşıyıcı gaz kullanımı 0 – 100 ml/dk. 0 – 100 ml/dk.
    500 ml/min (opsiyonel) 500 ml/min (opsiyonel)
    Taşıyıcı gaz basıncı (kapiler tip kolonlar için) 0 – 0.40 MPa 0 – 0.40 MPa
    1 Mpa’a kadar (opsiyonel) 1 Mpa’a kadar (opsiyonel)
    Maks. gaz giriş basıncı 0,5 MPa 0,5 MPa
    by special order 1,25 MPa 1,25 MPa
    Hidrojen gazı kullanımı 0-500 0-500
    Hava kullanımı 0-1000 0-1000
    Boyutlar (genişlik × derinlik × yükseklik) 550×445×405 mm 550×500×500 mm
    Ağırlık 33 kg 39 kg
    Güç Gereksinimi 220 VAC,  (50±1) Hz f220 VAC,  (50±1) Hz
    Güç kullanımı 900 VA 900 VA
  3. Standartlar

    Petrokimya

    • ASTM D2268-93 (1998) Standard Test Method for Analysis of High-Purity n-Heptane and Isooctane by Capillary Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D2360-11 Standard Test Method for Trace Impurities in Monocyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D2504-88 (1998) Standard Test Method for Noncondensable Gases in C2 and Lighter Hydrocarbon Products by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D2505-88 (1998) Standard Test Method for Ethylene, Other Hydrocarbons, and Carbon Dioxide in High- Purity Ethylene by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D2597-10 Standard Test method for analysis of demethanized hydrocarbons liquid mixtures containing nitrogen and carbon dioxide by gas chromatography.
    • ASTM D2712-91 (2016) Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Traces in Propylene Concentrates by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D4291-93 (1998) Standard Test Method for Trace Ethylene Glycol in Used Engine Oil.
    • ASTM D4492-10 Standard Test method for analysis of benzene by gas chromatography.
    • ASTM D4735-15 Standard Test Method for Determination of Trace Thiophene in Refined Benzene by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D5713-05 Standard Test Method for Analysis of High Purity Benzene for Cyclohexane Feedstock by Capillary Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D6159-17 Standard Test Method for Determination of Hydrocarbon Impurities in Ethylene by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D6229-06 (2010) Standard Test Method for Determination of the Fraction Numbers of Benzene in hydrocarbon solvents by capillary gas chromatography.
    • ASTM D6563-12 Standard Test Method for Benzene, Toluene, Xylene (BTX) Concentrates Analysis by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D7011-15 Standard Test Method for Determination of Trace Thiophene in Refined Benzene by Gas Chromatography and Sulfur Selective Detection.
    • IFP 9801 Detailed analysis of raw materials for selective hydrogenation of C4 fractions and determination of content of 1,3-butadiene in effluent flows by capillary gas chromatography.
    • UOP 411-13 Normal paraffins by subtractive gas chromatography.
    • UOP 744-98 Aromatics in hydrocarbons by gas chromatography.
    • UOP 899-04 Trace hydrocarbons in hydrogen, hydrocarbon gases or LPG by gas chromatography.

    Kimya

    • ASTM Е346-08 Standard Test Methods for Analysis of Methanol.
    • ASTM Е1863-07 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Acrylonitrile by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D5441-98 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Methyl Tert-Butyl Ether (MTBE) by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D7833-14 Standard Test Method for Determination of Hydrocarbons and Non-Hydrocarbon Gases in Gaseous Mixtures by Gas Chromatography.
    • GTC 031511 Analytical method for determination of hydrocarbons in solvent by gas chromatography.
    • IFP 0911 Process for producing methyl tert-butyl ether product mixture analysis capillary gas chromatography.
    • IFP 9319 Raw material of MTBE production process. Quantitative analysis of acetonitrile content, capillary gas chromatography.
    • ISO 7270-2:2005 Rubber – Analysis by pyrolytic gas chromatographic methods – Part 2: Determination of styrene/butadiene/isoprene ratio.
    • UOP 603-88 Determination of impurities of CO, CO2 in hydrogen-containing gas and light gaseous hydrocarbons by gas chromatography.

    Çözünmüş Gazlar

    • ASTM D3612-02 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Gases Dissolved in Electrical Insulating Oil by Gas Chromatography.

    Biyoyakıtlar

    • ASTM D5501-94 (1998) Standard test method for determination of ethanol content of denatured fuel ethanol by gas chromatography.
    • ASTM D6584-00 Test Method for Determination of Free and Total Glycerine in B-100 Biodiesel Methyl Esters By Gas Chromatography.
    • EN 14110:2003 Fat and oil derivatives . Fatty acid methyl esters (FAME). Determination of methanol content.

    Doğalgaz

    • ASTM D1945-14 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D3588-98 (2017) Standard Practice for Calculating Heat Value, Compressibility Factor, and Relative Density of Gaseous Fuels.
    • ISO 6974 Natural gas – Determination of composition and associated uncertainty by gas chromatography.
    • ISO 6976 Natural gas – Calculation of calorific values, density, relative density and Wobbe index from composition.

    Sıvılaştırılmış Gazlar

    • ASTM D2163-14 Standard test method for determination of hydrocarbons in liquefied petroleum (LP) gases and propane/propene mixtures by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D7756-11 Standard Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases by Gas Chromatography with Liquid, On-Column Injection.
    • ISO 7941-1993 Commercial propane and butane; Analysis by gas chromatography

    Rafine Gazlar

    • ASTM D1946-90 (2015) Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography.
    • DIN 51666-2007 Determination of composition for calculation of carbon content and calorific value of heating gas from refineries. Gas chromatography method.
    • EN 15984-2011 Petroleum industry and products — Determination of composition of refinery heating gas and calculation of carbon content and calorific value — Gas chromatography method.
    • UOP 539-97 Refinery gas Analysis by gas chromatography.

    Benzin

    • ASTM D2427-06 Standard Test Method for Determination of C2 through C5 Hydrocarbons in Gasolines by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D2789-95 (2016) Standard Test method for hydrocarbon types in low olefinic gasoline by mass spectrometry.
    • ASTM D3525-93 (1997) Standard Test Method for Gasoline Diluent in Used Gasoline Engine Oils by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D3606-10 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene and Toluene in Finished Motor and Aviation Gasoline by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D3710-95 (1999) Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Gasoline and Gasoline Fractions by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D4420-94 (1999) Standard Test Method for Determination of Aromatics in Finished Gasoline by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D5134-13 Standard test method for detailed analysis of petroleum naphthas through n-nonane by capillary gas chromatography.
    • ASTM D5580-15 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, p/m- Xylene, o-Xylene, C9 and Heavier Aromatics, and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasoline by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D5769-98 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene, Toluene, and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasolines by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry.
    • ASTM D6296-98 Standard Test Method for Total Olefins in Spark-ignition Engine Fuels by Multidimensional Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D6729-14 Standard Тest Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100 Metre Capillary High Resolution Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D6730-01 Standard Тest method for determination of individual components in spark ignition Engine fuels by 100-m capillary column (with pre-column) high-resolution gas chromatography.
    • ASTM D6733-01 Standard test method for determination of individual components in spark ignition engine fuels by 50-metre capillary high resolution gas chromatography.
    • EN 12177-2000 Liquid petroleum products – Unleaded petrol – Determination of benzene content by gas chromatography.
    • UOP 551-08 Hexanes and Lower-Boiling hydrocarbons in olefin-free Gasolines by gas chromatography.
    • UOP 690-99 Oktanes and Lower Boiling hydrocarbons in olefin free Gasolines by gas chromatography.
    • UOP 725-86 Pentenes and Lower Boiling hydrocarbons in olefinic gasolines by gas chromatography.
    • UOP 880-08 Hydrocarbon Types and Distributions in Low Olefin C12 and Lower Endpoint Distillates by GC

    Ham petrol ve ditilatlar

    • ASTM D2425-04 (2009) Standard test method for hydrocarbon types in middle distillates by mass spectrometry.
    • ASTM D2887-16а Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D3524-90 (1999) Standard Test Method for Diesel Fuel Diluent in Used Diesel Engine Oils by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D5307-97 (2007) Standard Test Method for Determination of Boiling Range Distribution of Crude Petroleum by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D5442-93 (1998) Standard Test method for analysis of Petroleum Waxes by gas chromatography.
    • ASTM D5443-93 (1998) Standard test method for paraffins, naphthenes and aromatic hydrocarbons Type Analysis in petroleum distillates Through 200°C by Multi-Dimensional Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D6352-04 Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Distillates in the Boiling Range from 174 to 700 C by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D7169-05 Standard Test Method for Boiling Point Distribution of Samples with Residues Such as Crude Oils and Atmospheric and Vacuum Residues by High Temperature Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D7213-15 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Distillates in the Boiling Range from 100 °C to 615 °C by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D7500-15 Standard Test Method for Determination of Boiling Range Distribution of Distillates and Lubricating Base Oils—in Boiling Range from 100 °C to 735 °C by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D7900-13 Standard Test Method for Determination of Light Hydrocarbons in Stabilized Crude Oils by Gas Chromatography.
    • EN 15199-3:2008 Petroleum products — Determination of boiling range distribution by gas chromatography method.
    • IP 344 Determination of light hydrocarbons in stabilized crude oils – gas chromatography method.
    • ISO 3924-2:2010 Petroleum products Determination of boiling range distribution – Gas chromatography method (IDT).

    Oksijenatlar

    • ASTM D4815-09 Standard Test method for determination of МТВЕ, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-amyl alcohol and C1 to C4 alcohols in gasoline by gas chromatography.
    • ASTM D6839-15 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types, Oxygenated Compounds and Benzene in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D7423-09 (2014) Standard Test Method for Determination of Oxygenates in C2, C3, C4, and C5 Hydrocarbon Matrices by Gas Chromatography and Flame Ionization Detection.
    • ASTM D7754-11 Standard Test Method for Determination of Trace Oxygenates in Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel by Multidimensional Gas Chromatography.
    • EN 13132-2000 Liquid petroleum products Ð Unleaded petrol Ð Determination of organic oxygenate compounds and total organically bound oxygen content by gas chromatography using column switching.
    • UOP 569-79 Determination of methanol in distillates and liquefied petroleum gases by gas chromatography.
    • UOP 845-90 Trace alcohols in LPG by gas chromatography.
    • UOP 960-06 Traces of oxygenated hydrocarbons in liquid hydrocarbon Atreams by gas chromatography.

    Kükürt

    • ASTM D5504-12 Standard test method for determination of sulfur compounds in natural gas and Gaseous Fuels by gas chromatography and chemiluminescence.
    • ASTM D5623-94 (1999) Standard Test Method for Sulfur Compounds in Light Petroleum Liquids by Gas Chromatography and Sulfur Selective Detection.
    • ASTM D6228-98 Standard Test Method for Determination of Sulfur Compounds in Natural Gas and Gaseous Fuels by Gas Chromatography and Flame Photometric Detection.
    • GTC 111109 Analytical method for determination of sulfur in hydrocarbons by gas chromatography using pulsed flame photometric detector (adapted on the basis of ASTM d5623 standard).
    • ISO 19739-2005 Natural gas. Determination of sulfur compounds using gas chromatography.

    Su

    • ASTM D2908-91 (2011) Standard Practice for Measuring Volatile Organic Matter in Water by Aqueous-Injection Gas Chromatography.
    • ASTM D4128-06 Standard Guide for Identification and Quantitation of Organic Compounds in Water by Combined Gas Chromatography and Electron Impact Mass Spectrometry.
    • ASTM D5790-95 (2012) Standard Test Method for Measurement of Purgeable organic compounds in Water by capillary column gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry.
    • ISO 9377-2:2000 Water quality Determination of hydrocarbon oil index Part 2: Method using solvent extraction and gas chromatography.
    • ISO 15680-2003 Water quality. Gas-chromatographic determination of a number of monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, naphthalene and several chlorinated compounds using purge-and-trap and thermal desorption.

    Toprak

    • ISO 10382-2002 Soil quality. Determination of organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls. Gas-chromatographic method with electron capture detection.
    • ISO 18287:2006 Soil Quality. Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) by gas chromatography Method with mass spectrometric detector.

    Gıda

    • ISO 17678:2010 Milk and Milk products. Determination of milk fat purity by gas chromatography Analysis of triglycerides.
  4. İletişim Formu